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The Book of Titus - Summary

Paul wrote the Book of Titus to his friend, called Titus. Titus was working on an island called Crete. There were many churches on Crete, but these churches did not have leaders. So, Paul told Titus to appoint a leader for the church in each town. But Titus must choose the leaders carefully. Each leader must be a good man, who is kind, holy and honest. And the leaders must teach God's message accurately (Titus 1:5-9).

This was an important task. Some people were trying to convince the Christians to obey their traditions. These people pretended to know God. But their actions proved that they denied God (Titus 1:10-16). Paul advised Titus not to argue with people who taught the wrong things. He told Titus to warn them on two occasions only. Then, Titus should leave that person (Titus 3:9-11).

Listen Download Introduction
Listen Download Chapter 1 Greeting; Titus' Ministry in Crete.
Listen Download Chapter 2 Sound Teaching.
Listen Download Chapter 3 The Importance of Good Works; Final Instructions and Closing.

Book of Titus Outlines by J.Vernon McGee PDF format <Link>


About Paul’s letter to Titus

Paul was a great Christian teacher. God sent him to many countries to tell the people about Jesus Christ. Titus was a young man who had travelled with Paul. He had been to Jerusalem with Paul. (See Galatians 2:1-3.) Some time after that, Paul sent Titus to Corinth city. There were serious problems among the Christians at Corinth, and Paul sent Titus there to help them. (See, for example, 2 Corinthians 7:5-16; 8:16-24.)

We think that Paul wrote this letter at some time between *AD 62 and *AD 65. That was more than 30 years after Jesus died. Titus had travelled with Paul again. But Paul had asked him to stay on the island called Crete. Crete is in the Mediterranean Sea, south from the countries called Greece and Turkey. Paul left Crete and he travelled to other places. But Titus stayed on Crete, to help the Christians there.

The Christians who lived on Crete had believed Christ for only a short time. They needed good leaders. So, in this letter, Paul tells Titus what kind of people he should choose as leaders.

Also, there were some false teachers there. So, Paul tells Titus that he must not let the Christians believe those false teachers. Titus must teach only the true Christian message. The Christians must do good things that make God happy. And Titus must tell them that.

Chapter 1

Paul and Titus

v1 This letter is from me, Paul. I am God’s servant and I have to obey him completely. And I am a special worker and teacher on behalf of Jesus Christ. God has sent me to help the people that he has chosen. I help those people to believe God more completely. I help them so that they will understand the true message about Christ completely. So then they will know the things that they should do to make God happy. v2 As a result of this true message, those people will hope certainly that they will live with God always. God has promised that his people will live with him always. He promised that before the world began. And God always says only things that are true. v3 Then, at the proper time, God caused people to know what he had promised. God’s servants started to tell his message to people. And God, our *Saviour, has given this work to me also. He has said that I must tell his message to people.

v4 I am writing to you, Titus. You are like my own child because we both believe the same things about Christ. I pray that God, the Father, and Christ Jesus, our *Saviour, will be very kind to you. I pray that they will cause you to be without trouble inside yourself.

Titus’s work on the island called Crete

v5 I asked you to stay on Crete so that you could do certain things. Some things there are not as they should be. You must cause those things to become as they should be. Also, you must choose elders (leaders) for the Christians in every town, as I told you.

v6 A leader must do what is good. So then, nobody can say anything bad about him. He must be the husband of only one wife. His children must be *believers. They must always do what is right and proper. Everyone should know that a leader’s children always obey him. v7 A leader has authority for God’s work on God’s behalf. So, nobody should ever be able to say anything bad about him. A leader must not think that he himself is very important. He must not always be causing other people to do what he wants. He must not become angry easily. He must not be a drunk. He must not be a person who likes to fight. He must not want money so much that he does wrong things to get it. v8 Instead, he must be happy to have visitors in his home. He must really want to do good things. He must rule himself well. He must do what is right. He must want always to make God happy. He must always do what is proper.

v9 A leader must continue to believe strongly the true Christian message, as we taught it. So he will be able to teach true and right things to people. So then, he will help people to believe Christ more strongly. A leader like that will also be able to speak to people who argue against the Christian message. So, those people will know certainly that they are wrong.

Titus must not let the Christians on Crete believe false teachers

v10 There are many people who refuse to obey anyone. They teach false things that are worth nothing. They want people to believe those false things. They certainly include the teachers who want to *circumcise all Christian men.

Verse 10 Some *Jewish Christians may have taught that the Christians on Crete must obey the *Jews’ rules. They may have taught that people should circumcise all the Christians. To ‘circumcise’ means to cut off the skin that covers the end of the sex part of a boy or of a man. God had told Abraham that he must do this. (See Genesis 17:9-14.)

The *Jews circumcised men and boys to show that Israel’s people were God’s people. But the Bible does not say that Christians need to do that. We are God’s people because Christ died for us. The Bible does not say that all Christian men should cut their bodies.

v11 You must not let those people teach those false things. They are teaching things that they should not teach. So, they are causing whole families to stop believing the true message. Those false teachers’ purpose is bad. They are teaching only because they want people to give them money. v12 Many years ago, one great teacher who lived on Crete spoke like this about his own people. ‘People who live on Crete are always doing bad things. They are always saying things that are not true. They are like dangerous wild animals. They are lazy and they eat too much food.’

v13 What that man said is true. So, you must speak to those people who believe false things. Tell them very strongly that they are wrong. Tell them, so that they may believe the true Christian message. v14 They must stop listening to those *Jewish stories that are not true. They must stop listening to people who have refused to believe the true message. They must stop obeying the human ideas that those people tell them. v15 For people who have clean *spirits and minds, everything is clean and good. But for people who have dirty *spirits and minds, nothing is clean or good. The same thing is true about people who refuse to believe God’s true message. Those people cannot think good thoughts. Even their *consciences have become like something dirty. v16 Those bad people say that they know God. But they do bad things that God *hates. So, everyone can see that those people do not really know God. They refuse to obey God and they are unable to do anything good.

Chapter 2

Titus must teach all the Christians to do right things

v1 But you, Titus, you must teach right things that belong properly to God’s message. v2 Tell the older men that they must rule themselves well. They must think seriously. They must always do what is proper. They must continue to believe Christ strongly. They must love other people and they must continue to be patient and brave.

v3 Also, tell the older women what they must do. They must always do right and proper things, as God’s people should do. They must never say bad things about people. They must not be drunks. They must teach what is good. v4 So then, they can teach the young women what they must do. The young women must love their own husbands and their own children. v5 The young women must always do what is proper. They must think clean thoughts and they must do good things. They must be good housewives. They must be kind and they must obey their own husbands. So then, nobody will be able to say bad things about God’s message because of what the young women do.

v6 Also, tell the young men strongly that they must always do right and proper things. v7 You yourself must always do good things. So you will show the young men what they should do. When you teach, be honest and serious. v8 Teach things that are correct. So, nobody will be able to say that you are wrong. And so our *enemies will be ashamed, because they cannot say anything bad about us.

v9 Tell the slaves that they must obey their masters always. They must make their masters happy. They must not argue with their masters. v10 Slaves must not rob their masters. Instead, slaves must always do properly what their masters have asked them to do. So people will see that those slaves are always good. So, as a result, everyone will like the message that we teach. They will like it because it has changed those servants. That message about God, our *Saviour, is very good. And people will know that it is good.

We must do right things because Christ died to make us God’s own people

v11 God has shown us how very kind he is. He has shown us that, because he came to *save all people. v12 And because God is so kind, he teaches us to do right things. We should stop doing bad things that do not make God happy. We should stop wanting strongly the things that belong to this world. Instead, God teaches us to rule ourselves properly. He teaches us to do what is right. He teaches us to do the things that make him happy. We should do these good things while we live in this world.

v13 We should do these good things while we wait for Jesus to return. This is our hope that makes us happy. On that good day, Jesus will certainly show everyone how very great he is. Jesus Christ is our great God and *Saviour. v14 He gave himself for us. So he made us free from every bad thing, so that we could be completely good and clean inside ourselves. So then, we could become his own special people, who really want to do good things.

v15 You should teach these things, with all authority. Tell the Christians strongly the things that they must do. Tell them the things that they must not do. Do not let anyone think that they know better than you.

Chapter 3

Christians must obey people who have authority

v1 Your people must obey the rulers and the government. Tell them that they must remember that. They must obey everyone who has authority over them. They must be ready always to do what is good. v2 They should never say bad things about anyone. They should not quarrel with people, but instead they should be patient and friendly. They should always be polite and kind to everyone.

v3 Before we believed Christ, we ourselves were fools too. We did not obey God or anyone. We believed things that are not true. We wanted to do many kinds of bad things. We could not stop ourselves. We were always bad. We were always angry about other people because we wanted to be like them. Other people *hated us, and we *hated each other. v4 But then God, our *Saviour, did something to help us. He showed us how much he loves all people.

v5 God did not *save us because of any good things that we ourselves had done. Instead, he *saved us because he himself is very kind. God has washed us so that we are completely clean in our *spirits. His Spirit has caused us to be born again, so that we have become new people. v6 By Jesus Christ, our *Saviour, God gave his Spirit to us, to fill us. v7 God did that because he is very kind. He did it so that he could make us right with him. So then, we could hope certainly that we will live with God always. That is what God has promised to his people. v8 These words are certainly true.

I want you to teach these things strongly. I want you to be sure that the people understand these things. So then, the people who have believed God will be careful to do good things. They should think always about good things that they can do. Those good things will help everyone.

v9 But stay away from people who argue about silly questions and about lists of people’s families’ names from years ago. Refuse to quarrel. Refuse to argue about God’s rules. Those kinds of things are not good and they do not help anyone. v10 Some people may teach things that are different from the true message. Anyone who teaches false things like that can cause the Christians not to agree with each other. So, you must tell him that he must stop. If he does not stop, you must tell him one more time. Then, if he still does not stop, stay away from him. v11 You know that a person like that has chosen not to believe the true message. He is doing what is wrong. And he knows that. But he continues to do what is wrong.

Paul hopes to meet Titus at Nicopolis

v12 I will send either Artemas or Tychicus to you. After one of them has arrived, try very much to meet me at the city called Nicopolis. I have decided that I will stay at Nicopolis during the winter.

Verse 12 Tychicus was a man who had travelled with Paul. (See Acts 20:4, Ephesians 6:21-22, Colossians 4:7 and 2 Timothy 4:12.) We do not know who Artemas was.

Nicopolis was a city on the west coast of the country that we call Greece.

v13 Zenas, who is a *lawyer, and Apollos will leave Crete soon. Do everything that you can to help them. So then, they will have everything that they need for their journey.

Verse 13 A lawyer is someone who knows about a government’s rules.

The name ‘Apollos’ is also in Acts 18:24; 19:1 and 1 Corinthians 1:12; 3:4; 16:12.

v14 Our Christian people must learn to do good things always. They should help to supply the things that people really need. Then the Christians will not be lazy and they will not waste their time.

v15 Everyone who is here with me says ‘hello’ to you. Say ‘hello’ on our behalf to those Christians there who love us. I pray that God will continue to be very kind to all of you.

Word List

AD ~ AD 50, for example, means the year, 50 years after Jesus came.

believer ~ a person who knows and accepts Christ.

circumcise ~ to cut off the skin that covers the end of the sex part of a boy or a man; a mark for *Jews to show that a man agreed to obey God’s rules.

conscience ~ like a voice in you that says to you if a thing is right or wrong.

enemy ~ a person who wants to hurt or to attack.

hate ~ to strongly or completely not like something or someone; it is the opposite of when you love something or someone.

Jew ~ a person who is born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children.

Jewish ~ a word that describes a *Jew or anything that is a *Jew’s.

lawyer ~ someone who knows about a government’s rules.

save ~ to save someone from the results of the wrong things that they have done; to bring someone back to God from the bad things that they have done.

Saviour ~ the person who saves us from the results of the wrong things that we have done; someone who will bring us back to God from the bad things that we have done.

spirit ~ the part of a person that is alive, but which we cannot see.

Book List

Marshall ~ The Interlinear Greek-English New Testament

D. A. Arichea and H. A. Hatton ~ A Handbook on Paul’s Letters to Timothy and Titus ~ United Bible Societies, New York

John Banker ~ Semantic Structure Analysis of Titus

Nigeria Bible Translation Trust ~ Draft Translator’s Notes on Titus

Various Bible versions



Book 56 Titus
King James Version
001:001 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness;
001:002 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
001:003 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour;
001:004 To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.
001:005 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:
001:006 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.
001:007 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
001:008 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;
001:009 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
001:010 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision:
001:011 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
001:012 One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.
001:013 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;
001:014 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.
001:015 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.
001:016 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

002:001 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:
002:002 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.
002:003 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;
002:004 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,
002:005 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
002:006 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.
002:007 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
002:008 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.
002:009 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again;
002:010 Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.
002:011 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
002:012 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
002:013 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
002:014 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
002:015 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

003:001 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,
003:002 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
003:003 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.
003:004 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,
003:005 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
003:006 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
003:007 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
003:008 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.
003:009 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.
003:010 A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject;
003:011 Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.
003:012 When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter.
003:013 Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them.
003:014 And let our's also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.
003:015 All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen.



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